UNIX

Basic System Configuration In Unix

configuration Unix - Basic System Configuration  In Unix

TCP/IP Network Configuration:

Tcp/IP Network Configuration
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It is a networking method that allows connecting more than one system for exchanging the data between them. It supports data communication as protocol. It sends or receives the data in electronic format. Unix operating system also networks supporting system. It provides reach tools to manage the networking for user and administrator. Unix operating system uses UUCP(Unix to Unix Copy Protocol) for running the data between Unix operating system.

TCP/IP reserve major protocol that also controls the errors in between the communication. It divides the data int different segments and sends IP to the destination point.

1. Host Name And Ip Address:

The network connected to multiple computers and identified by its name or logical address. The physical name like machine name, identify as IP to identify the system into a network. The IP address represents 32 bits in 4 blocks as a numeric format.

Basic Network Configuration:

The system set of TCP/IP networking protocol that manages the configuration of the network it provides different option to set the general configuration of the system network use DHCP(Dynamic Host Control Protocol) generate the dynamic address of the system and locate into the network.

1. IP(Internet Protocol):

It is an internet protocol that manages the logical address of the system and allows to access remote system for processing. The IP address into 4 blocks and each block accept 8 bytes. It is a numeric address of the system and is classified into different clan like clan A, clan B, clan C, clan D, clan E, etc.

0-27→A

28-191→B

192-227→C

228-239→D

240-288→E

2. IP Config:

It is a command that allows to config the IP address of the particular system. In this, we pass the numeric value as IP address.

Domain Name Services:

It allows name to be assigned to the system that places the destination of IP address. The IP address uses numeric value to identify the system so there are more difficulties to remember address then we need to define DNS of the system. It means we can access the host using DONS like www.anna.com.

1. DNS Configuration:

Unix system allows us to DNS configuration with a graphical tool and defines name of the system. The configuration file available in the etc dictionary.

Managing Ethernet Connection:

Network connection names consist of a prefix based on the device type and another a number assigned to the device to access the network. The ethernet device has the prefix eth. The first detected ethernet cards are assigned the name eth0 and so on. Every system has a special network to manage the different type of devices.

Graphical Network Configuration:

Linux system provides GUI and configuration tools to manage the ethernet configuration IP address and another networking setup. It provides menus and window for network configuration.

Network Configuration File:

Linux system uses different type of file to manage the each and everything related to system, network and other configuration.

1. Networking:

It is a way to connect more theme our system for exchanging the information.

2. Gateway:

The IP address of the system device to send the message with the help of the host or other networks. It is responsible to manage and provide to specify the host for processing.

Printing In Linux:

Linux operating system provides printing option gain command format.

1. queue:

Multiple jobs are arranged in a line format and transfer to device one by one for processing.

2. jobs:

The file is managed in the form of job and arrange in a queue for printing.

Printing Commands:

1. LPR:

It is the command that prints the existing file content.

2. -P option:

To select the queue another than default.

3. (num)-2:

To define the number of copy.

lpr-P xy -3

4. lpq:

To display the queue line.

Example:

-lpq↵

Printing Utility:

The Linux system creates the output with the different format like pdf, post, script, asking.

Networking Services:

In a Linux application that runs in the background listing to get the request and care out. It provides services, apps in, wamp server, server, shell etc to manage the web application Linux system to manage the services using administration permission.

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Parichay

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